Simon ESSIG Anna Eve MATTE Mini tree diagram

Wendel ESSIG4,2,3,5,8

17001,2,3 - about 17727

Miner, Prussian Soldier, chosen to serve in Royal Guard by virtue of his height

Life History


Born in Canton of Berne, Switzerland.1,2,3

after 1749

Emigrated from "Came to America as early as 1750.".4,5


Married Anna Eve MATTE in Haegerstown, Washington, Maryland.11


Resident in Near Hagerstown, MD.4,3

27th Dec 1754

Birth of son Simon ESSIG in near Hagerstown, Cumberland County, Maryland.9,1,5,3,10,8


Death of Anna Eve MATTE in Haegerstown, Washington, Maryland.7,11

about 1772

Died in Haegerstown, Washington, Maryland.7

Other facts


Cause of Death (Facts Pg) in Massacred by Indians.5


Aka (Facts Pg) in Wendel Essick.6


Buried in National Cemetery, Rock Island, Maryland, Sec. K, Grave #285.6


    Compiled and Drawn by Isiah Essig, 1883
    Copied 1984 by Barbara Grant Fox, 1385 Devon Dr., NW, N. Canton, Ohio  44720
    Obtained from: Genealogy Division, Stark County Dist. Library, Canton, Ohio
    Wendel Essig, the earliest known person by the name Essig was born inSwitzerland in 1700, in the canton of Berne, where he spent his youth, but while yet quite a boy, spent some time at fmining in Rhine Palsin Germany. He served seven years in the Prussian army, being one of the Imperial Body Guard, and was present at the coronation of Frederick the Great in 1740. In 1750 he left Europe and sought a home in the New World, landing in Baltimore, Maryland. He took as a partner in life Miss Anne Eve Matte and had a family of several children, of whom Simon Essig, the stem of the above represented family was Born near Hagerstown, Maryland on December 27, 1754. In 17-- the Indians massacred almost all the whites in Mr. Essig's neighborhood killing the whole Essig family excepting Simon who was at some distant settlement on an errand. The body of Wendel Essig was consumed in one of the burning cabins.
    Simon continued to live among strangers and learned the blacksmith trade. At the opening of the Revolutionary War he entered the American army as a blacksmith but served as a volunteer soldier in the battles of Princeton and Trenton.  In March, 1781, he married Julia Margaret Schnarrin. They moved to York, Pennsylvania where four children were born--Polly, Elizabeth, John and Adam. In 1790 they went to Adams County, Pennsylvania where their children Jacob, George, Julia and Sally were born. About 17 1799 they removed to Cumberland County, Pennsylvaniawhere Samuel, David, Catherine, William and Rebecca were born. He emigrated to Ohio arriving at what was afterward known as the Old Essig Home in Plain Township, Stark County, Ohio (North of the Stark County Fairground) on May 10, 1808, where he continued to reside until his death. Three of his sons, Adam, Jacob and George served in the war of 1812. They served on the northern frontier and were in the battle on LakeErie, George being wounded in an engagement with the Indians near Put-In-Bay.
    During his residence in Plain township Mr. Essig followed farming andblacksmithing. On August 30, 1844, his wife died, aged 83 years, 11 months and 15 days. Simon Essig died March 18, 1852 at the advanced ageof 97 years, 2 months and 21 days. In politics he usually called himself a Jackson man, and each of his sons held the same views until their end. He was an energetic member of the Evangelical Lutheran church,his wife being a member of the same denomination, as were also all ofhis children. He was of a mild and obliging disposition, entertaininga strong aversion for all kinds of deception. He was firm in his views of right and justice, yielding neither to threats nor bribes.  Those of his children who have departed this life died at the following places: Polly near Burry, Pike County, Illinois; Elizabeth in Plain Township, Stark county, Ohio; John near Elkhart, Indiana; Adam and Jacob in Plain Township; George In Columbia township, Whiltey County, Indiana; Julia in Plain Township; Samuel in Plain Township; Sally near Canton, Ohio; William in Marion township, Allen County, Indiana, and David in his infancy in Pennsylvania.
    The red background on the extreme right represents sunrise. The snowcapped mountains on the right are Switzerland, the native country of Wendel Essig. The purple hills in the rear of the mountains are Prussia,where Wendel Essig served as bodyguard to Frederick the Great. The green strip of country in front of the mountains is France, through which he passed on his way to America. The water is the Atlantic Ocean, and the small town is Baltimore, where he landed. The man with a gun isWendel Essig in the New World. The Indians among the trees represent the country at the time of the birth of Simon Essig. The emigrant wagon on the left, near the tree, represents the manner of their coming to Ohio, and the log cabin their pioneer home in Plain Township. The harvest field, self-binder, farm buildings and railway engine portrays the advanced improvement of the country in 1883. The undulating and mountainous country on the extreme left is emblematic of the great west,throughout which the Essig family scattered, pursuing their various vocations and increasing their number. The tree--the trunk represents Simon Essig and his wife. The roots of the tree are Wendel Essig and his wife. The limbs represent Simon Essig's children in the order in which they were born. The limbs directly opposite each other indicate twins; the smaller limbs are the grandchildren and in like manner the great and great-great grandchildren. The broken limbs indicate those whoare dead, while the pointed ones are the living. The numbers indicatethe age of the person in 1883. If there is a D before the number, this means that the person died at that age. This beautiful family tree is located at The Stark County Historical Society and McKinley Museum& National Memorial.
    Taken from Henry Holl's Scrapbook. (Picture of T. DeWitt Talmage on first page) Page 22.
    [The above references a 16 x 20 Picture of Essig Family Tree, found in the McKinley Museum & National Memorial, 800 McKinley Monument Dr.N.W., Canton, OH 44708, PH 330 455-7043, which can be ordered from there. This etching was commissioned to accompany Isiah Essig's 1883 monograph, The Essig Family Tree, and was created by the celebrated artist Frank Holl. Queen Victoria purchased Holl's "No Tidings from the Sea," and his work was exhibited at the Royal Academy.]
    -The Essig Family Tree, Compiled and Drawn by Isaiah Essig, 1883, Copied 1984 by Barbara Grant Fox, found in Stark County District Library,call no. GEN R FAM HIST ESSIG. Note: The original painting of the Essig Family tree hangs (as of 2001) in the McKinley Museum at Canton Ohio. It is striking in its detail and is quite well preserved. Copies may be obtained from the museum.

    Isiah Essig (1883)
    The Essig Reunion was held yesterday pursuant to announcement, at theresidence of Mr. and Mrs. Jacob E. Essig, near the Warstler church, six miles north-east of Canton, and the attendance was large, numberingabout 300, old and young. Dinner was served in the orchard on two long tables that would seat two hundred or so. Of course the tables wereloaded with rich abundance and much was left after all were fed.
    Reverend Peter Herbruck occupied the head of the table and addressed the throne of grace. Near him sat the two old widows Pontius who were Essigs, the oldest of the name present. In the front room hung the picture of the Essig genealogical tree, nicely framed, over three feet long and some twenty inches wide. This was an object of interest and investigation. The root of the tree shows the name of their German ancestor, Wendell Essig, who came to America about 1750, and who, with his family, was murdered by the Indians before the revolution, the only onesaved being Simon, a youth., absent on an errand at the time. The trunk of the tree is Simon who with his family settled in Stark county in1808. He served with Washington in the revolution and was at Princeton and Trenton. Simon died in 1852 and his remains lie buried in the Warstler church yard in plain sight of the meeting yesterday. He and his good wife raised a dozen or so of sons and daughters, two of the latter being present. Three of the sons, Adam, Jacob, and George, were out in the war of 1812, and participated in the battle of Lake Erie. George was wounded in a fight with the Indians near Put-In-Bay. The treerepresents numerous large branches, the offspring of Simon, two branches directly opposite representing twins. The numerous limbs and twigsrepresent shoots and all have the proper names up to December 31, 1883, and numbering 1773. Plain and easily read. The artistic landscape at the foot shows the mountains of Switzerland in the far distance where Wendall was born; the ocean intervenes and a ship is seen; on the left are seen Indians, a log cabin, the modern reaper and a railway train.  This was the work of Mr. Frank Holl, of our city and the names were put on by Mr. Henry Holl of New Berlin. The whole was designed by I.R. Essig, of Jackson township, who has labored for years and corresponded extensively to get the names of the connections. Near 2 P.M. the assemblage in the yard was called to order by the President of the day, Mr. Lewis Essig; 0.A. Essig acting, as Secretary, chosen as such a year ago. Vocal and instrumental music enlivened the occasion from time to time.  The President made some happy introductory remarks and announced the program. Ex-Congressman Scott Wyck, of Illinois, whose mother was an Essig, was expected to be present and deliver the address, but circumstances prevented.  Mr. A. McGregor and wife were present byinvitation, and the former was called on for some remarks. Mr. McGregor referred to the Essig tree, to wonderful changes that have taken place since Wendell Essig, their Swiss ancestor landed in America.  Mrs.Sanford, of Lorain, Ohio, an Essig, read a beautiful poem suitable for the occasion. Remarks were made by A. Pontius, Esq., Dr, Alonzo Douds and others. A vote of thanks was passed to Mr. and Mrs. Jacob E. Essig, the host and hostess. A committee was appointed to get subscribers to procure a lithograph of the Essig genealogical tree, and on motion George Leshers, was fixed on for the next reunion on the second Thursday of June, 1885.  The meeting adjourned by singing the long meter soxology.

    "Wendell Essig was born in 1700 in Switzerland.  Wendell was a great traveller and adventurous man.  This could be a reason why he came to America.  While still a boy, he spent time working in the mines of Rhine Pals, in Germany.  For seven years, he was in the Prussian Army as an Imperial body guard to Frederick the Great.  He was present at Frederick's coronation in 1740.  In 1750, he came to the New World and landed at Baltimore, Maryland.  There he met Anna Eve Matte, and togetherthey settled down in Hagerstown, Maryland to raise a family of thirteen children."
    -Jeanette J. Wenner (1998), 631 Treadway Blvd., Sheffield Lake, OH 44054; "These narratives were passed down to my husband (George Gilbert Wenner) via his mother (Eloise Essig) who has since passed away."
    -See also, The North Canton Heritage, by Ruth Harpold Basner, c. 1972, p. 221

    Wendell Essig
    born about 1700 in Berne Canton, Switzerland
    miner and Prussian Soldier
    chosen to serve in Royal Guard by virtue of his height
    loved to travel, adventurous man
    in 1754 lived near Hagerstown, MD, USA; may have come to U.S. as early as
    Anna Eve Matte
    Children: Simon (and ?????)
    -Margaret Anne Schmidt,

    The surname "Essig" is British in origin, meaning "vinegar".  It would seem that the original family members were vinegar merchants.

    Pottery, ax heads, and burial sites indicate that Native Americans lived on the upper Chesapeake Bay and its surrounding lands for many centuries. At the beginning of historic times in the early 17th century, various peoples were present who spoke languages of the Algonquian group: the Conoy and Patuxent lived on the Western Shore of the bay; and the Choptank, Nanticoke, Assateague, and Pocomoke maintained villages on the Eastern Shore. The Susquehannock, a people who spoke an Iroquoian language, lived near the mouth of the Susquehanna River. They hunted and raided to the south along Chesapeake Bay. Eventually nearly allof these peoples moved away to escape the pressure of white settlement. Those who remained were scattered or much reduced in population, either as a result of conflicts with white settlers or with other NativeAmericans or as a result of European diseases, to which they had little resistance. By the end of the 18th century almost no Native Americans remained in Maryland.
    Throughout the 17th century newcomers to the Chesapeake area typically underwent a period of months or years during which they fell prey to malaria and other strange diseases. The death rate was extremely high and kept the population down. By the early 18th century, however, more and more Marylanders were native born and had resistance that allowed them to live longer and have larger families. Population grew accordingly, rising from about 25,000 in 1700 to about 130,000 in 1750. Bythe time of the American Revolution (1775-1783) the population was about 225,000.
    Settlement continued to concentrate on the Atlantic Coastal Plain until about 1700, when English settlers moved west into the Piedmont. By the 1730s, Germans began to move south from Pennsylvania into Frederick County, which until the revolution embraced all of western Maryland. Farmers shipped their crops to Baltimore for sale, and Baltimore, which had been established in 1729, became the main outlet for Maryland's farm produce.
    -Microsoft Encarta 1999 Encyclopedia

    Frederick II (of Prussia), called The Great (1712-86), king of Prussia (1740-86); during his reign, he was considered among the most notable of enlightened despots in 18th century Europe.
    Frederick was born in Berlin on January 24, 1712, son of King Frederick William I and grandson of Frederick I. As crown prince he was trained, under his father's supervision, to become a soldier and a thrifty administrator. Frederick, however, encouraged by his mother, Sophia Dorothea of Hannover, and his tutors, showed a preference for courtly life, music, and French literature. Frederick William, failing to understand the tastes of his son, developed an open dislike for him. At the age of 18, Frederick decided to escape to England; his proposed plan was discovered, and he was arrested, imprisoned, temporarily deprived of his status as crown prince, and forced to witness the execution of one of his two confederates. After he had subsequently applied himselfdiligently to fiscal and military affairs and had consented to a marriage in 1733 with Elizabeth Christine, daughter of Ferdinand Albert IIof Brunswick, Frederick was reinstated to his position as crown prince. He then went to live for seven years on his estate at Rheinsburg, where, in his leisure time, he studied philosophy, history, and poetry and corresponded with the French philosophers, notably Voltaire. In his Antimachiavell, written during that period and published by Voltaire in 1740, Frederick idealistically opposed the political doctrines of the Italian statesman and philosopher Niccolò Machiavelli, favoringpeaceful and enlightened rule.
    King and Military Leader
    On the death of his father in 1740 Frederick became king and embarkedalmost immediately on a policy of Prussian aggrandizement. When MariaTheresa became archduchess of Austria in that same year, Frederick demanded the cession of duchies of Silesia in return for Prussian recognition of the Pragmatic Sanction, which gave the Austrian Habsburg dominions to Maria Theresa. Refused by Austria, Frederick invaded Silesia,commencing the War of the Austrian Succession. He led his forces to victory at Mollwitz in 1741 and at Chotusitz in 1742; in the latter year, by the Treaty of Breslau, Maria Theresa was obliged to yield the Silesian territory demanded by Prussia. Frederick acquired East Friesland (now a region of Germany) in 1744, on the death of the last ruler without heirs of that principality, and in 1745 he fought and won a second war with Austria, terminated by the Peace of Dresden, which assured Prussia the possession of Silesia.
    By this time Frederick was recognized as an able military leader, andthe position of Prussia in Europe had risen considerably. The military greatness of Frederick was demonstrated during the Seven Years' War, fought from 1756 to 1763. Frederick and his forces, aided only by financial assistance from Great Britain, which was at war with France, opposed the armies of Austria, Russia, Sweden, Saxony, and France. ThePeace of Hubertusburg in 1763 awarded Prussia no new territory, as itmerely confirmed the boundaries that had existed before the war; at the end of the war, however, Prussia was established as a rival to Austria for domination of the German states. Frederick made an alliance with Catherine II of Russia, in 1764, and by the first partition of Poland in 1772 he received Polish Prussia, exclusive of Gdansk (Danzig) and Torun (Thorn), thus uniting the regions of Brandenburg and Pomerania. By the Treaty of Teschen in 1779, after the War of the Bavarian Succession, a short conflict with Austria, Prussia was awarded the Franconian principalities of Bavaria; Austria retained only a part of Lower Bavaria. A further step was made toward destroying Austrian dominance in 1785, when Frederick gathered the German princes into a union of princes, the Fürstenbund, to preserve the constitution of the Holy RomanEmpire.
    Frederick was extremely sympathetic to the American Revolution and was an admirer of George Washington. He was one of the first sovereignsto conclude a commercial treaty with the United States. He did not, however, limit his activities to the international scene; internal affairs flourished during his reign. His rule was absolute; he was a ubiquitous administrator, constantly checking the work of his officials, from whom he exacted the utmost in conscientiousness. Under his rule newmethods of agriculture and manufacturing were introduced. Marshes were drained, providing new lands for cultivation and colonization and the institution of serfdom, while not abolished, was somewhat liberalized. Under Frederick's personal supervision the efficiency and size of the army were increased. He reviewed the troops frequently, concerned himself with the discipline of his officers and men, and wrote works for his generals on the science of warfare. In 1747 Frederick, who was particularly interested in the equitable distribution of justice to all classes, issued a new codification of Prussian law, the Codex Fridericianus.
    Patron of Culture
    Frederick continued to patronize the arts and sciences throughout hislife. The Academy of Sciences again became an important center of learning during his reign, and elementary education progressed as under no previous Prussian sovereign. In his favorite residence, the palace of Sans Souci, Frederick held court, but always entertained with judicious economy. Contemptuous of the German language and culture, Frederick spoke French at court and patronized French writers, many of whom, including Voltaire, paid him visits in Berlin. Frederick himself was amusician, spending many hours with his flute. He was also a prolific writer; his complete works were published in 30 volumes between 1846 and 1857. He died at Sans Souci on August 17, 1786.
    -Microsoft Encarta 1997 Encyclopedia

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